Top-down Brew: Style-based Recipe Recommendations

Overview

This page offers brief summaries of popular beer styles along with the malts, hops, and yeast varieties that are commonly used. The BJCP guidelines for original gravity and IBUs are good starting points for target values. The malt recommendations include percentages by gravity that should work well with the recipe calculator. Late hop additions, when appropriate, are typically 10 to 20% of the overall IBUs for each addition. The late additions total about 40% of the IBUs for the hoppiest pales ales. These target values, percentages, and recommended ingredients should enable a relatively easy creation of style-appropriate beers.

01C - Cream Ale

BJCP 2015 Description: "Overall Impression: A clean, well-attenuated, flavorful American "lawnmower" beer. Easily drinkable and refreshing, with more character than typical American lagers." BJCP, 2015, p. 1-2

BJCP Vital Statistics: OG: 1.042 – 1.055; IBUs: 8 – 20; FG: 1.006 – 1.012; SRM: 2.5 – 5 ABV: 4.2 – 5.6%

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01D - American Wheat

BJCP 2015 Description: "Overall Impression: Refreshing wheat beers that can display more hop character and less yeast character than their German cousins. A clean fermentation character allows bready, doughy, or grainy wheat flavors to be complemented by hop flavor and bitterness rather than yeast qualities." BJCP, 2015, p. 2

BJCP Vital Statistics: OG: 1.040 – 1.055; IBUs: 15 – 30; FG: 1.008 – 1.013; SRM: 3 – 6; ABV: 4.0 – 5.5%

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05B - Kölsch

BJCP 2015 Description: "Overall impression: A clean, crisp, delicately-balanced beer usually with a very subtle fruit and hop character. Subdued maltiness throughout leads into a pleasantly well-attenuated and refreshing finish. Freshness makes a huge difference with this beer, as the delicate character can fade quickly with age. Brilliant clarity is characteristic." BJCP, 2015, p. 8-9

BJCP Vital Statistics: OG: 1.044 – 1.050; IBUs: 18 – 30 FG: 1.007 – 1.011; SRM: 3.5 – 5; ABV: 4.4 – 5.2%

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10A - Weissbier (AKA Hefeweizen)

BJCP 2015 Description: "Overall Impression: A pale, refreshing German wheat beer with high carbonation, dry finish, a fluffy mouthfeel, and a distinctive banana-and-clove yeast character." BJCP, 2015, p. 17-18

BJCP Vital Statistics: OG: 1.044 – 1.052; IBUs: 8 – 15; FG: 1.010 – 1.014; SRM: 2 – 6; ABV: 4.3 – 5.6%

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10B - Dunkles Weissbier

BJCP 2015 Description: "Overall Impression: A moderately dark German wheat beer with a distinctive banana-and-clove yeast character, supported by a toasted bread or caramel malt flavor. Highly carbonated and refreshing, with a creamy, fluffy texture and light finish that encourages drinking." BJCP, 2015, p. 18

BJCP Vital Statistics: OG: 1.044 – 1.056; IBUs: 10 – 18; FG: 1.010 – 1.014; SRM: 14 – 23; ABV: 4.3 – 5.6%

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12C - English IPA

BJCP 2015 Description: "Overall Impression: A hoppy, moderately-strong, very well-attenuated pale British ale with a dry finish and a hoppy aroma and flavor. Classic British ingredients provide the best flavor profile." BJCP, 2015, p. 22-23

BJCP Vital Statistics: OG: 1.050 – 1.075; IBUs: 40 – 60; FG: 1.010 – 1.018; SRM: 6 – 14; ABV: 5.0 – 7.5%

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15B - Irish Stout

BJCP 2015 Description: "Overall Impression: A black beer with a pronounced roasted flavor, often similar to coffee. The balance can range from fairly even to quite bitter, with the more balanced versions having a little malty sweetness and the bitter versions being quite dry. Draught versions typically are creamy from a nitro pour, but bottled versions will not have this dispense derived character. The roasted flavor can be dry and coffee-like to somewhat chocolaty." BJCP, 2015, p. 27

BJCP Vital Statistics: OG: 1.036 – 1.044; IBUs: 25 – 45; FG: 1.007 – 1.011; SRM: 25 – 40; ABV: 4.0 – 4.5%

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16B - Oatmeal Stout

BJCP 2015 description: "Overall Impression: A very dark, full-bodied, roasty, malty ale with a complementary oatmeal flavor. The sweetness, balance, and oatmeal impression can vary considerably." BJCP, 2015, p. 28-29

BJCP Vital Statistics: OG: 1.045 – 1.065; IBUs: 25 – 40; FG: 1.010 – 1.018; SRM: 22 – 40; ABV: 4.2 – 5.9%

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18B - American Pale Ale

BJCP 2015 description: "Overall Impression: A pale, refreshing and hoppy ale, yet with sufficient supporting malt to make the beer balanced and drinkable. The clean hop presence can reflect classic or modern American or New World hop varieties with a wide range of characteristics. An average-strength hop-forward pale American craft beer, generally balanced to be more accessible than modern American IPAs." BJCP, 2015, p. 28-29

BJCP Vital Statistics: OG: 1.045 – 1.060; IBUs: 30 – 50; FG: 1.010 – 1.015; SRM: 5 – 10; ABV: 4.5 – 6.2%

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19A - American Amber Ale

BJCP 2015 description: "Overall Impression: An amber, hoppy, moderate-strength American craft beer with a caramel malty flavor. The balance can vary quite a bit, with some versions being fairly malty and others being aggressively hoppy. Hoppy and bitter versions should not have clashing flavors with the caramel malt profile." BJCP, 2015, p. 34

BJCP Vital Statistics: OG: 1.045 – 1.060; IBUs: 25 – 40; FG: 1.010 – 1.015; SRM: 10 – 17; ABV: 4.5 – 6.2%

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19C - American Brown Ale

BJCP 2015 description: "Overall Impression: A malty but hoppy beer frequently with chocolate and caramel flavors. The hop flavor and aroma complements and enhances the malt rather than clashing with it." BJCP, 2015, p. 35

BJCP Vital Statistics: OG: 1.045 – 1.060; IBUs: 20 – 30; FG: 1.010 – 1.016; SRM: 18 – 35; ABV: 4.3 – 6.2%

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21A - American India Pale Ale (IPA)

BJCP 2015 description: "Overall Impression: A decidedly hoppy and bitter, moderately strong American pale ale, showcasing modern American or New World hop varieties. The balance is hopforward, with a clean fermentation profile, dryish finish, and clean, supporting malt allowing a creative range of hop character to shine through." BJCP, 2015, p. 37-38

BJCP Vital Statistics: OG: 1.056 – 1.070; IBUs: 40 – 70; FG: 1.008 – 1.014; SRM: 6 – 14; ABV: 5.5 – 7.5%

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21B - Specialty IPA; Black India Pale Ale (AKA Cascadia Dark Ale)

BJCP 2015 description: "Overall Impression: A beer with the dryness, hop-forward balance, and flavor characteristics of an American IPA, only darker in color – but without strongly roasted or burnt flavors. The flavor of darker malts is gentle and supportive, not a major flavor component. Drinkability is a key characteristic. BJCP, 2015, p. 39

BJCP Vital Statistics: OG: 1.050 – 1.085; IBUs: 50 – 90; FG: 1.010 – 1.018; SRM: 25 – 40; ABV: 5.5 – 9.0%

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22A - Double India Pale Ale (IPA)

BJCP 2015 description: "Overall Impression: An intensely hoppy, fairly strong pale ale without the big, rich, complex maltiness and residual sweetness and body of an American barleywine. Strongly hopped, but clean, dry, and lacking harshness. Drinkability is an important characteristic; this should not be a heavy, sipping beer." BJCP, 2015, p. 42

BJCP Vital Statistics: OG: 1.065 – 1.085; IBUs: 60 – 120; FG: 1.008 – 1.018; SRM: 6 – 14; ABV: 7.5 – 10.0%

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24A - Witbier

BJCP 2015 description: "Overall Impression: A refreshing, elegant, tasty, moderate strength wheat-based ale." BJCP, 2015, p. 48

BJCP Vital Statistics: OG: 1.044 – 1.052; IBUs: 8 – 20; FG: 1.008 – 1.012; SRM: 2 – 4; ABV: 4.5 – 5.5%

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25B - Saison

BJCP 2015 description: "Overall Impression: Most commonly, a pale, refreshing, highly-attenuated, moderately-bitter, moderate-strength Belgian ale with a very dry finish. Typically highly carbonated, and using non-barley cereal grains and optional spices for complexity, as complements the expressive yeast character that is fruity, spicy, and not overly phenolic. Less common variations include both lower-alcohol and higher-alcohol products, as well as darker versions with additional malt character." BJCP, 2015, p. 50-51

BJCP Vital Statistics: OG: 1.048 – 1.065 (standard); IBUs: 20 – 35 FG: 1.002 – 1.008 (standard); SRM: 5 – 14 (pale); ABV: 5.0 – 7.0% (standard)

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26B - Belgian Dubbel

BJCP 2015 description: "Overall Impression: A deep reddish-copper, moderately strong, malty, complex Trappist ale with rich malty flavors, dark or dried fruit esters, and light alcohol blended together in a malty presentation that still finishes fairly dry." BJCP, 2015, p. 52-53

BJCP Vital Statistics: OG: 1.062 – 1.075; IBUs: 15 – 25; FG: 1.008 – 1.018; SRM: 10 – 17; ABV: 6.0 – 7.6%

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Sources for the above information

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